Human Trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery. Sex trafficking occurs when a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or when the person induced to perform such acts has not attained 18 years of age.

Human Trafficking and Undocumented Immigration are two different things, which may sometimes overlap. Human trafficking is modern-day slavery, and it’s involuntary. Human Trafficking can happen to U.S. citizens, legal permanent residents, students traveling on visas, undocumented workers, and people with any other immigration status imaginable. In fact, many anti-trafficking experts think that the fastest growing groups of trafficking victims in the U.S. are American citizens.

Human Smuggling is the importation of people into a country via the deliberate evasion of immigration laws. This offense includes bringing illegal aliens into a country, as well as the unlawful transportation and harboring of aliens already in a country illegally.

Undocumented Immigration, on the other hand, is voluntary.